Arterial vasospasm reduces blood flow to the distal extremities, including the toes.
Raynauds is largely idiopathic, but can also be associated or triggered with exposure to cold temperatures or stress levels.
Signs and Symptoms
In addition to cold toes, an individual with Raynaud’s may also experience:
Treatment of Raynaud’s may fall on a broad spectrum of lifestyle changes, like smoking or caffeine cessation, maintaining regular exercise, and controlling stress levels. Conservative treatment may include: