There are several types of Arthritis, and all forms manifest as joint pain.
- Osteoarthritis: A form of degenerative joint disease from wear and tear, causing cartilage to become worn and frayed. The most common type of arthritis effecting feet and ankles.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis: An autoimmune condition, symptoms are commonly located in toes or forefoot.
- Post-Traumatic Arthritis: May occur after an injury to the foot or ankle. Can develop years following a fracture or severe ligament sprain.
Numerous factors including wear, autoimmune and trauma. Contributing factors include advanced age, bone deformity, muscle imbalances, obesity, sedentary living, and a family history of this condition. Associated health conditions like diabetes, Paget’s disease, and underactive thyroid may also increase your likelihood of developing arthritis.
Signs and Symptoms
Common signs and symptoms associated with foot and ankle arthritis include:
- Joint pain, tenderness and stiffness
- Crepitus, or grating and popping
- Deformity and instability
There is no cure, although there are many treatment options available to manage symptoms, maintain quality of life, and avoid surgery. Possible treatment techniques include:
- Transition to naturally shaped footwear that is flat, flexible and widest at the ends of the toes
- Correct Toes to improve circulation, alignment, and flexibility of your toes
- Lifestyle changes (exercise, diet, sleep, weight loss)
- Chiropractic care
- Physical Therapy
- Nutritional supplementation or Anti-inflammatory medications